List of Duties and Responsibilities of Drivers, According to LTO

The inclusion of the rights, duties, and responsibilities of drivers in the LTO Driver’s Manual is crucial for ensuring that every licensed driver is well-informed and accountable. By providing a comprehensive list of these obligations, the manual serves as a guide for drivers to understand their roles in maintaining road safety and order. Knowing their rights empowers drivers to assert themselves when necessary, while understanding their duties and responsibilities fosters a sense of civic duty and adherence to regulations.

Moreover, the Driver’s Manual offered by the Land Transportation Office (LTO) serves as a primary educational tool for both aspiring and experienced drivers, emphasizing the importance of upholding traffic laws and regulations. Through clear and concise explanations, drivers can familiarize themselves with the expectations placed upon them while operating a motor vehicle. By instilling a sense of responsibility and accountability, the manual contributes to the overarching goal of creating a culture of safe and responsible driving on Philippine roads.

list of duties and responsibilities of drivers as per drivers manual

LTO Driver’s Manual: Duties and Responsibilities of Drivers in the Philippines

The LTO Driver’s Manual serves as an indispensable resource for motorists, providing a wealth of information essential for safe and responsible driving practices. Among its extensive contents, the manual meticulously covers the list of rights, duties, and responsibilities of drivers, offering clarity on what is expected of individuals behind the wheel. By detailing these obligations, the manual equips drivers with the knowledge needed to navigate the complexities of the road while promoting adherence to traffic laws and regulations.

Inclusion of the list of rights, duties, and responsibilities of drivers in the LTO Driver’s Manual is imperative because it serves as a foundational reference point for all motorists. This comprehensive coverage underscores the LTO’s commitment to fostering a culture of accountability and safety among drivers across the Philippines. By consolidating essential information into a single accessible document, the manual ensures that drivers are well-informed and equipped to fulfill their obligations while promoting the welfare of all road users.

Photo credit: Prestige Driving School/ Facebook

List of Responsibilities of Drivers in the Philippines

General Responsibilities

A responsible driver must:

1. Obtain and carry a valid driver’s license while driving.

2. Familiarize yourself with and obey all land transportation laws, rules, and regulations.

3. Practice defensive driving techniques to anticipate and avoid potential hazards.

4. Ensure that your vehicle is properly registered before operating it on the road.

5. Safeguard your vehicle and its contents until it is safely returned to its designated location.

6. Conduct regular inspections to ensure your vehicle is roadworthy and compliant with emission standards (BLOWBAGETS/BLOWBAGA).

Photo credit: Keeway Philippines

7. Keep your vehicle clean, organized, and in good working condition at all times.

8. Know how to respond appropriately in the event of a road crash.

9. Understand the rights and privileges afforded to holders of a driver’s license.

10. Always prioritize road safety, maintain discipline, and show courtesy to other road users.

11. Ensure you are in good physical and mental condition before driving to maintain alertness and focus.

Specific Responsibilities per Vehicle Type

Buses and Jeepneys

1. Collect the correct fare from passengers.

2. Clearly display the authorized fare rates.

3. Provide passengers with an official receipt or ticket for their fare.

4. Refund passengers the full fare if their trip is interrupted.

5. Transport passengers only within the vehicle’s seating capacity.

6. Reserve designated seats for Persons with Disabilities (PWDs), Pregnant Women, and Senior Citizens, and offer applicable fare discounts.

7. Ensure passengers use seat belts if available.

8. Inform passengers about the no-smoking policy on public utility vehicles.

9. Remind passengers not to distract the driver while the vehicle is in motion.

10. Load and unload passengers at designated areas.

11. Maintain politeness and courtesy towards passengers.

12. Assist passengers requiring immediate emergency assistance.


1. Always wear a standard protective motorcycle helmet and other safety gear as required by R.A. No. 10054.

2. Ensure that both the rider and back rider wear protective helmets and safety gear as mandated by R.A. No. 10054 or R.A. No. 10666.

3. When transporting a child under 18 years old, ensure they can reach around and grasp the rider’s waist, wear a standard protective helmet or gear, and comfortably reach their feet on the foot peg, as per R.A. No. 10666.

4. Turn on the headlights for safety purposes while riding the motorcycle.

5. Check that any accessories, such as custom-made top boxes or saddlebags, adhere to standard dimensions and do not obstruct the view of side mirrors or exceed weight capacities as specified by regulations.

  • Custom-made top box (e.g. pizza or fast food deliveries) does not exceed 2 feet x 2 feet x 2 feet and is duly inspected by and registered to LTO and does not obstruct the view of side mirrors.
  • Top box can only carry a maximum capacity of two (2) helmets.
  • Saddle bags are not higher than the seat of the motorcycle and must follow the correct width of no more than 14 inches from the sides of the motorcycle and its length shall not exceed the tail end or tail lights.

School Services

1. Safely transport students to and from school.

2. Ensure all passengers are seated correctly before driving.

3. Check that all students are aboard before starting the trip.

4. Stick to the approved route authorized by the school.

5. Double-check the vehicle for any remaining passengers before returning to the garage.

6. Keep a complete list of student passengers and their parents’ contact information.

7. Report any unusual incidents during the trip to school coordinators.

8. Never leave the ignition key in the school service vehicle when parked.

9. Keep the school service vehicle in good condition and compliant with emission standards.

Taxi, TNVS, TNCs, and UV Express

1. Follow the passenger’s chosen route if it follows traffic laws.

2. Don’t pick up extra passengers without permission.

3. Don’t haggle over fares at any point.

4. Get passengers to their destination quickly and safely.

5. Help passengers with heavy luggage.

6. Respect passengers’ privacy during the trip.


1. Stick to the approved route set by the LGU when driving a tricycle.

2. Safely transport passengers and their belongings to their destination.

3. Ensure the sidecar is well-lit at night for visibility.

4. Avoid adding too many accessories like lights or loud horns that may distract or annoy others.

5. Display the fare matrix and ID card properly as required.


1. Carry all necessary legal documents for delivering goods.

2. Keep track of goods before and after each trip.

3. Check that goods meet size and weight limits.

4. Secure goods safely during transport.

5. Deliver perishable goods promptly to maintain freshness.

6. Make sure all safety equipment is in place and functioning properly.

7. Ensure the driver is trained and knowledgeable about handling cargo safely.

Understanding the duties and responsibilities of drivers of different types of vehicles is essential for promoting safety and efficiency on the roads. It ensures that drivers are equipped with the specific knowledge and skills necessary to operate their vehicles responsibly within the parameters of the law.

Video: Duties of Licensed Drivers in the Philippines

Drivers are expected to execute the task-oriented aspects of driving at all times. The importance that the LTO puts in this emphasizes the role drivers play in fostering a safe and orderly transportation environment. To learn more about them, you may check out this video from Drive Safe PH.


Licensed drivers in the Philippines have a range of duties, including obtaining a valid driver’s license, following traffic laws, and maintaining their vehicles in roadworthy condition. Additionally, they bear the responsibility of promoting road safety, respecting the rights of other road users, and upholding ethical driving practices. By fulfilling their duties and embracing their responsibilities, drivers contribute to safer roads and improved transportation experiences for all, underscoring the importance of conscientious driving behavior.

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