LTO TDC Exam Reviewer Questions | Theoretical Driving Course Exam

The Land Transportation Office (LTO) in the Philippines requires every person who wants to acquire an LTO driver’s license to take the mandatory 15-hour Theoretical Driving Course (TDC). Taking the TDC starts with securing an appointment for the TDC, then attending the course before taking the TDC exam, a culminating activity for the TDC. It is necessary to acquire a TDC certificate which is one of the documentary requirements for securing a driver’s license

To help you prepare for the TDC written exam, we have created this LTO Driver’s License Theoretical Driving Examination Reviewer. This will give you a feel on what you are going to answer on an actual exam. The questions on this reviewer are categorized to make it easier for you, but the test questions will be randomized on the actual test.

lto tdc exam reviewer questions

Theoretical Driving Course (TDC) Exam Reviewer

This Theoretical Driving Course (TDC) Exam Reviewer is created with a goal of refreshing your driving and road safety knowledge as well as test your level of proficiency in the LTO concepts covered in the test. Note that for this test, you need to get at least thirty (30) out of forty (40) questions correctly if you are taking it as a requirement for the non-professional driver’s license. For those who are testing to prepare for a professional driver’s license application, then you need to make sure you get at least forty-five (45) out of sixty (60) questions correctly in the exam.

Also read: LTO Online Exam Reviewer Questions

Theoretical Driving Course (TDC) Exam Reviewer (60 Questions)

Carefully read through each question to fully understand the given scenarios, and try to imagine it as if you were in a real situation before choosing the best possible answers

General Knowledge

  1. Throwing candy wrappers, or anything from your vehicle windows is:
    A. forbidden at all times
    B. forbidden only in the province
    C. forbidden only in the cities
  2. Public Service Law prohibits a public utility driver to converse with his passengers to assure utmost attention to the road, specifically while the vehicle is:
    A. parked
    B. climbing the mountain
    C. in motion
  3. The speed limit prescribed by law does not apply to a driver who is:
    A. bringing his employer to an important official meeting
    B. driving a vehicle who is in pursuit of a criminal
    C. cruising along the highway where traffic is light
  4. If you have a driver’s license, you can drive:
    A. public vehicles only
    B. any vehicle
    C. vehicles according to their license type
  5. While driving, what document should you always take with you?
    A. Driver’s license
    B. Driver’s license and vehicle insurance document
    C. Driver’s license, vehicle registration, and a proof of recent payment to LTO for the vehicle
  6. The Temporary Operator’s Permit (TOP) gives a driver an authorization to operate a motor vehicle for a period of time, not exceeding:
    A. 72-hours from time and date of issue
    B. one-week
    C. 15 days
  7. Which among the following is not a good trait of a driver?
    A. Driving under the influence of alcohol
    B. Driving while listening to music
    C. Driving fast on a highway
  8. A driver with Restriction Code No. 1 in his license is allowed to drive:
    A. Motorcycle only
    B. Truck
    C. Cars
  9. While driving at night, ignoring traffic lights could:
    A. make you reach your destination faster
    B. involve you in a vehicular accident
    C. minimize your fuel consumption
  10. All are effects of alcohol in driving, except:
    A. Coordinated body movements and self judgment
    B. Diminished concentration
    C. Slow reaction time


  1. A driver may load and unload passengers:
    A. only before an intersection
    B. wherever a passenger signals for a stop
    C. only at designated spots
  2. Parking is considered as a violation when a motor vehicle is parked at the entrance and exit of:
    A. hospitals and fire stations
    B. a commercial establishment
    C. a residential building
  3. Whenever parking your vehicle, always remember to:
    A. shift the gear to neutral
    B. turn off engine, and engage the handbrake
    C. close the windows and doors
  4. A driver __ park or stop at the side of the road within 6 meters of a crosswalk because it reduces visibility of pedestrians to the drivers.
    A. is allowed to
    B. is unsafe to
    C. should not
  5. You should never park:
    A. on a pedestrian lane
    B. on a two-way street
    C. within 3-meters of a fire-hydrant
  6. Before moving your car from a parked position, always remember to:
    A. check other traffic signal and pull from curb only
    when it is safe to do so
    B. signal and pull immediately from curb
    C. sound your horn and slowly pull from curb
  7. Any vehicle is considered parked if:
    A. the vehicle is stationary and remains inactive in place for an appreciable period of time
    B. the vehicle is not moving while loading passengers
    C. the vehicle is not moving while unloading passengers
  8. What should you do when parking uphill and there is a curb?
    A. Turn wheels to curb
    B. Turn your front wheels away from the curb
    C. Make your front wheels parallel to the curb
  9. When parking downhill, you should turn your front wheels _ the curb.
    A. towards
    B. away from
    C. on any direction from
  10. A pre-trip inspection should be completed:
    A. before and after driving the motor vehicle
    B. after driving the motor vehicle
    C. before driving the motor vehicle

Road and Traffic Rules

  1. You were engaged in car racing while driving in a super highway, you will be apprehended because of what traffic violation?
    A. Reckless driving
    B. Gambling
    C. Overspeeding
  2. It refers to the amount of alcohol in a person’s blood.
    A. Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC)
    B. Blood Alcohol Count (BAC)
    C. Blood Alcohol Intake (BAI)
  3. A driver of a private motor vehicle with a gross vehicle weight not exceeding 4500 kg is apprehended. A BAC level of __ or higher shall be a conclusive proof that said driver is driving under the influence of alcohol.
    A. 0.06%
    B. 0.07%
    C. 0.05%
  4. A privately registered car utilized for hire and carriage of passengers or cargoes is referred to as a colorum vehicle, and is prohibited by law. Drivers caught operating such vehicle for the first time is penalized by:
    A. a fine of Php 2,000 and suspension of his driver’s license for three months
    B. cancellation of his driver’s license
    C. a fine of Php 500
  5. Sobriety tests require a person to stand on either right or left leg with both arms on the side. The driver is instructed to keep the foot raised about six (6) inches off the ground for thirty (30) seconds. What is this test called?
    A. The 30-second stand
    B. The one-leg stand
    C. The balance test
  6. You were apprehended due to overspeeding of your motorcycle. When you were asked for your driver’s license, you have nothing to show. You then made an alibi that you left it at home. What will be your violation?
    A. Overspeeding
    B. Overspeeding and driving without license
    C. Driving without license
  7. It refers to an act penalizing a person under the influence of alcohol, dangerous drugs, and similar substances.
    A. R.A. no. 10586
    B. R.A. no. 10585
    C. R.A. no. 10584
  8. A driver caught driving an unregistered motor vehicle will be penalized by:
    A. a fine of 5,000 Php
    B. suspension of his driver’s license for one month
    C. a fine of 10,000 Php
  9. If the driver is using a motor vehicle in committing a crime and is convicted, his driver’s license shall be:
    A. revoked
    B. confiscated
    C. suspended
  10. The owner of a privately registered motor vehicle that is utilized for hire is penalized by:
    A. a fine of P2,000 and confiscation of vehicle plates
    B. a fine of P300
    C. confiscation of motor vehicle plates
  11. Pedestrians on a school crossing requires a driver to:
    A. stop and give way only to persons crossing from the drivers side of the road
    B. stop only for children and give way to them from either direction
    C. stop and do not proceed until all persons are completely clear off the crossing

32.When you intend to drive faster than the other vehicles, you should use which lane?
A. outermost (right) lane
B. center lane
C. innermost (left) lane

  1. When approaching an intersection and the roadway beyond is noticeably blocked with traffic, you should _ until the traffic ahead moves on.
    A. stay as close as possible to the car ahead
    B. proceed slowly into the intersection
    C. stop before the intersection and wait
  2. When walking on a roadway where there is no sidewalk, pedestrians must always stay:
    A. on the left side of the road
    B. on the right side of the road
    C. either way will do
  3. According to the law, you can only drive fast when
    A. you are in a hurry
    B. there is no danger
    C. you are under the speed limit

Road Safety While Driving

  1. When driving at night, what should you do?
    A. Drive within visibility range of your headlight only
    B. Drive quicker as long as you are always prepared to step on the brakes
    C. Drive as fast as you can get to your destination quickly
  2. When can you drive off a paved roadway to pass another vehicle?
    A. During emergency situations
    B. Under no circumstances
    C. When you want to get ahead of the traffic
  3. When driving on mountain roads during daytime, you should:
    A. blow your horn every 15 seconds
    B. blow your horn repeatedly whenever you sense an oncoming vehicle
    C. blow your horn when nearing a blind curve
  4. When driving at night, you should remember to:
    A. decrease your speed
    B. drink coffee so you won’t fall asleep
    C. always turn your headlights on
  5. What does a defensive driver think?
    A. always well rested and alert while driving
    B. considers driving safely and defensively at all times
    C. considers what other drivers might do and is preparing to do
  6. You are approaching a flooded area and you have no other choice but to go through it, what should you do?
    A. Increase your speed to get through immediately
    B. Maintain your speed since you have water insulation anyway
    C. Proceed at a very slow speed
  7. When overtaking another motor vehicle, remember to:
    A. never overtake from a tailgating position
    B. never overtake another vehicle that has its hazard lights on
    C. never overtake on the passing lane
  8. Some drivers are constantly sounding their horns, especially if they are in a hurry. This is actually an offense that is only allowed when?
    A. When done sparingly
    B. When it is done as a warning to avoid accident
    C. When in a hurry
  9. Another car should be at least _ close before you dim your headlights.
    A. 150 meter
    B. 100 meter
    C. 200 meters
  10. What should you do when you are unable to see the wheels of the vehicles in front of you?
    A. Slow down and get back to a safer distance
    B. Turn your fog light on
    C. Increase your speed until it becomes clearer

Road Safety During Emergencies

  1. When a vehicle starts to skid, what should the driver do?
    A. Immediately step on the brakes
    B. Hold firmly onto the wheel while slowing down the vehicle
    C. Turn the wheels tp the opposite the direction of the skid
  2. In case of a breakdown, which of the following should not be done by a driver?
    A. Stay in the car until help comes
    B. Ask for help
    C. Get out of the car until help comes
  3. What should you do when you hear an ambulance siren coming up close behind you?
    A. Stop abruptly
    B. Speed up so that you don’t hold the ambulance
    C. Pull over to the right and slow down or even stop if necessary
  4. When a vehicle is stalled or disabled, the driver must park the vehicle on the shoulder of the road and:
    A. switch on the parking light and install the Early Warning Device in front of the vehicle
    B. install the early warning device
    C. switch on the parking light and install the Early Warning Device in front and at the back of the motor vehicle
  5. The vehicle you are driving is stalled on a two-way highway, you should place the Early Warning Device (EWD) where?
    A. 8 meters at the back and front of the stalled vehicle
    B. 6 meters at the back and front of the stalled vehicle
    C. 4 meters at the back and front of the stalled vehicle

Road Signs and Markings

  1. Which of the following best describes this road sign?
    A. Train track warning
    B. First aid station
    C. Intersection warning
  2. Which of the following best describes this road sign?
    A. Animals cannot cross
    B. Animal cage
    C. Animal crossing
  3. What does this road sign mean?
    A. Road bends, prepare to go right and then left
    B. Road close ahead, go right
    C. You may travel beyond 30 kph
  4. Which of the following best describes this road sign?
    A. Bus cannot enter
    B. Vehicles with trailer cannot enter
    C. Cars cannot enter
  5. What does this road sign mean?
    A. Do not use horn
    B. No U-turn
    C. No parking
  6. Two continuous parallel yellow lines on the roadway means:
    A. you can overtake only on the left side
    B. it is dangerous to overtake
    C. you can overtake only on the right side
  7. Which of the following best describes this road sign?
    A. Steep gradient
    B. Steep uphill gradient
    C. Steep downhill gradient
  8. When you see this sign, what should you do?
    A. Stop only if other vehicles are approaching
    B. Stop sign 150 meters ahead
    C. Make a full stop at the intersection and proceed when traffic is clear
  9. What does a solid white line on the right edge of the highway slopes towards your left means?
    A. there is an intersection joint nearby
    B. the road will get narrower
    C. you are approaching a construction area
  10. You may not cross a single broken white or yellow line:
    A. when turning left into a driveway
    B. when passing to the right on a one-way street
    C. when crossing would interfere with traffic

Important Reminders

Do note that before you can secure the TDC certificate, you will need to get at least thirty (30) out of forty (40) items correctly (for the non-professional driver’s license), or Forty-five (45) out of Sixty (60) items (for the professional exam) correctly and pass the exam. Only when you do will you be able to secure a Theoretical Driving Course certificate. to

If in case you fail, then please take note of the following guidelines:

  • If a driver’s license applicant is unable to meet the passing rate, retaking the test is allowed one month after the first attempt.
  • If unable to meet the passing rate on the second attempt, a driver’s license applicant can retake the exam and apply for a driver’s license within a year.
  • If unable to meet the passing rate on the third attempt, a driver’s license applicant has to wait for two years before they can be allowed to retake the test and re-apply for a license.

Downloading the LTO TDC Exam Reviewer PDF file

If you need to, you may download and print this CDE Validation Exam Reviewer PDF file in case you prefer to review using the pen-and-paper approach. With this, you can practice anywhere and increase your chances of passing the LTO CDE Validation exam on your first take, too.

Theoretical Driving Course (TDC) Exam Reviewer 2023 (English)

To check how well you did in this mock TDC Exam, you may download the Answer Key we have prepared for you. 

Theoretical Driving Course (TDC) Exam Reviewer Answer Key (English)


Taking the Theoretical Driving Course (TDC) is a mandatory requirement of the LTO, not just because it teaches the best practices on the road, but also because it ensures that every license applicant understands the rules of the road. Passing the test after completing the course means the person is knowledgeable enough to be allowed on the open roads, too. In any case, it doesn’t take much practice to make sure you secure a TDC certificate on your first attempt. 

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